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Asian pacific journal of public health

Black girl masturbate sex video. Images of girls naked having sex. Fox patriots upskirt. Bondage model with pierced nipples. Thai mom teach daughter to suck. India sexy fucking. Hot women fuck fat guy. Red tube naked sex. Donna sexy foto ose. Ebony ayes pornstar. APJPH publishes original articles on public health related issues, including implications for practical applications to professional education and services for public health and primary health care that are of concern and relevance to the Asia-Pacific Asian pacific journal of public health. The editor-in-chief welcomes manuscripts on all aspects of public health, as well as global challenges in public health, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, health security, disaster management, and chronic disease. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive. RG Journal impact over time Graph showing a linear path with a yearly representation of impact points of the journal. Publications in this journal. Nov The effect of individual educational attainment Asian pacific journal of public health health has been extensively documented in western countries, whereas empirical evidence of education spillover effects in marital dyads is scarce and inconsistent. A total of individuals or just click for source dyads were surveyed in the Shanghai Healthy City Project Logistic Asian pacific journal of public health models were used for analysis, and all analyses were stratified by gender. Significant protective associations were observed in univariate models linking general health status to the individual's own educational attainment and to their partner's educational level. After controlling for presence of chronic conditions, lifestyle factors, and social support, these associations were attenuated. The authors found a gender difference in the association of spouse's educational attainment with self-rated health. The influence of education on health may be partly mediated by lifestyle and other factors. Prefecture-Level Analysis in Japan. Get rid of bad acne overnight B58 hustler models.

Prostitute Asian pacific journal of public health El Maiten. It was Asian pacific journal of public health that 78 students or There was a significant surge in the number of ROP students who were born in when the use of synthetic surfactants was first introduced in Malaysia; otherwise there was no increasing trend in the number of students with ROP.

However, the percentage of ROP in total was increasing, which indicates that ROP is becoming a more important cause of childhood blindness in this country. Utilization of Antenatal Care Services in Bangladesh: Abu Hossain. Maternal mortality in Bangladesh was perlive births between the years of and Utilization of maternal health services remains low in the low-resource countries like Bangladesh. This study attempts to evaluate the levels, patterns, and trends of utilization of antenatal care ANC services in Bangladesh.

This is a descriptive study based on national surveys of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey BDHS, and Bangladeshi women reported low utilization of ANC. The median number of ANC visits was 3.

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Many studies have demonstrated a strong relationship between alcohol availability and traffic crashes involving alcohol-impaired drivers. The present analysis focuses on the evaluation of the impact of alcohol availability on the Japanese population by comparing fatal and nonfatal motor vehicle crash rates before and after implementation of the alcohol deregulation policy in Participants and method.

Poisson regression with robust standard error was used to model the before-to-after change in incidence Asian pacific journal of public health ratios IRRs please click for source the population.

To control for potential confounders, per Asian pacific journal of public health alcohol consumption, unemployment rate, and vehicle miles travelled VMT were also added to the model. The exponents of the fitted coefficients are equivalent to the IRRs. Implementation of the policy deregulating alcohol sales and production did not appear to increase traffic fatalities and other traffic crashes in Japan.

Contrary to previous research, the findings of this study demonstrated lower rates of fatalities and higher compliance with alcohol-related driving legislation.

Further well-designed, nonaligned studies on alcohol availability and traffic fatalities in other countries are urgently needed. However, no studies on this trend have been reported in Shandong Province, China. The present study assessed the decennial change in BMI and SFT in Shandong Province during the past 10 years and the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents.

Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

The BMI and SFT of adolescents aged 7 to 18 years was calculated using data from 2 national surveys on students' constitution and health carried out by the government in and in Shandong Province, China. The distribution of BMI and SFT was reported, and the prevalence of overweight and obesity were obtained according to the screening criteria of overweight and obesity for Chinese students using BMI.

The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased rapidly: The average value of Asian pacific journal of public health and SFT has increased over time; overweight and obesity among adolescents has become a click at this page public health problem.

Comprehensive evidence-based strategies of intervention should be introduced, including periodic monitoring. Rajesh Kumar Rai. The Phi and Cramer's V tests and predicted probabilities were used to fulfill the study objective. Interventions to promote physical activities and nutritional awareness programs, which are effective in addressing nutritional problems, https://clown.capitalcityfoundation.london/num8657-giqahuk.php been proposed.

A Meta-analysis. Published data regarding the association between alcohol dehydrogenase ADH 1C genotypes and breast cancer risk show conflicting results. This meta-analysis suggested that the ADH1C 1 allele might modestly influence the effect of alcohol on breast cancer but is not an independent risk factor for breast cancer.

However, more restricted prospective studies are needed. The objectives of this study were to investigate the pattern of unintentional drowning deaths and to identify the factors associated Asian pacific journal of public health drowning deaths in Thailand from to During the period from to41 deaths were reported and deaths were excluded from this study because of unknown place of death.

The overall drowning death rate per Asian pacific journal of public health was 6. The highest death rate was in males aged 0 to 4 years and in year Males in all age-groups except in those click years and Asian pacific journal of public health aged 0 to 4 years had higher drowning death rates than the average rate. Death rates in some public health areas in the central, the northeast, and the northern regions and in year and were higher than the average rate.

This is a descriptive study of routinely collected tuberculosis TB surveillance data from 19 Pacific Island countries and territories.

Wwe Xvideo Watch Video Sex tetoo. The prevalence of PTSD was Being male, being older than 35 years, being an electrician, having dependent children, suffering property damage, being without medical insurance, and having low social support were risk factors significantly related to the development of PTSD. Effective and sustainable mental health services should be directed particularly to the migrant workers, who are among the groups most vulnerable to the direct impact of snowstorms. Dec The study aimed to assess the determinants of immunization coverage in children born in , living in Zhejiang Province. The World Health Organization's cluster sampling technique was applied. Immunization coverage of 5 vaccines was assessed: BCG vaccine, diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine, poliomyelitis vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine, and measles-containing vaccine. Determinants for age-appropriate immunization coverage rates were explored using logistic regression models. Siblings in household, mother's education level, household registration, socioeconomic level of resident areas, satisfaction with clinical immunization service, and convenient access to local immunization clinic were associated with age-appropriate coverage rates. Age-appropriate immunization coverage rates should be given more attention and should be considered as a benchmark to strive for in the future intervention. Sungroul Kim Junhyoung Kim. The implementation of smoke-free policies for workplaces and their impacts have been far from satisfactory. Young adults who were working in the occupation categories of "service and sales," "skilled agricultural, fishery, and forest workers," and "crafts and machine operation" for men and "service and sales" for women showed 1. Drinking and stress level were positively associated with being current smokers. We provide quantitative evidence supporting clinicians and policy makers wishing to establish smoking-cessation programs in workplaces for young adults in South Korea, and evidence supporting the improvement of prevention by the concomitant reduction of risk factors. Indonesia has been making good progress in reproductive health RH outcome. This study aimed to examine the effect of the September Sumatra earthquake on availability and accessibility of RH services and its possible impact on local Millennium Development Goals MDGs. Twenty-six health facilities in Padang City were reviewed and clients directly interviewed. Water supply shortage was most widespread and slowest to recover, taking more than 1 year to normalize. Antenatal and emergency obstetric care was minimally disrupted, and family planning practice of the study couples was not changed by the earthquake. The previous rate of improvement in maternal and child mortality was slowed down, whereas stillbirths increased after the earthquake. Thus, there is a need to speed up the recovery to achieve the local MDGs. Lose to Win A week weight loss program comprising nutrition education and physical activity sessions, enhanced by a nationwide media campaign, was organized by the Singapore Health Promotion Board. A total of participants, forming 72 teams 1 per workplace , had their anthropometric weight, body mass index [BMI], and body fat percentage and fitness fitness index score based on UKK 2-km walk test measurements taken pre-intervention and post-intervention. Average decreases, from baseline to end of intervention, in weight, BMI, and body fat percentage were 3. The fitness index score increased by Greater participation in physical activity and nutrition education sessions was associated with more beneficial anthropometric and fitness changes. The intervention was well received and effective in producing short-term weight loss. Further research needs to be done to ascertain its long-term effectiveness and generalizability. Results of a Survey. Several studies have provided ample evidence that hypertension in adults has its onset in childhood; children and adolescents with elevated blood pressure BP are more likely to become hypertensive adults. The present study examined the prevalence of relatively high BP among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. Subjects and methods: Data for this study were obtained from a large cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren carried out in A total of 38 students 19 boys and 19 girls aged 7 to 17 years participated in this study. Shandong children had a high BP level, with the 50th percentiles of systolic and diastolic blood pressure of children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years in Shandong being above the reference values for Chinese children and adolescents by 3 to 12 mm Hg and 3 to 7 mm Hg for boys, and by 3 to 6 mm Hg and 3 to 5 mmHg for girls, respectively. The overall prevalence of relatively high BP was There is a high prevalence of relatively high BP among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. It has become a threatening hazard to children and adolescents and should arouse special attention. This study aimed to examine the association of educational level with metabolic syndrome MS and its risk factors by gender in South Korea. A total of participants aged 20 years or older from The Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. A generalized linear model and adjusted proportion were used to identify educational disparities in MS, its components, and its risk factors smoking, high-risk alcohol consumption, obesity, and stress. In women, a clearly inverse association between education level and MS were observed with significant trend, and the decreasing trends of all risk factors across education quartiles were in line with the inverse association. However, the association between education level and MS was not observed with a significant trend among men. An opposite trend of risk factors across education levels was shown in men, with an increasing trend for obesity and decreasing trends for smoking and high-risk alcohol consumption. These findings demonstrate that obesity can explain gender differences in the association between education level and MS in South Korea. Sep Wah Yun Low. The association between each explanatory variable and the severity of HFMD was investigated using a logistic regression model after adjusting for confounders. Individual characteristics that are generally shared by children in households of low socioeconomic status tended to increase the risk of severe HFMD. The Spanish SF in Peru: This study assessed the psychometric properties of the SF questionnaire in a sample of Peruvian people aged 15 to 64 years. The 8 scales discriminated well between sexes, age, and socioeconomic groups. CFA showed that a model with 8 first-order factors and 2 second-order factors namely, physical and mental health was a feasible representation of the SF factor structure and had better fit to data than alternative factor structures. The SF showed appropriate psychometric properties regarding internal consistency, construct validity, and factor structure when tested in Peru. Future studies should focus on testing other psychometric properties of the SF, such as convergent and discriminant validity, test-retest reliability, and sensitivity to change. Influenza is a common, vaccine preventable, viral respiratory infection with potentially serious consequences in persons aged 60 years and above. In China, influenza vaccination is recommended but not reimbursed for people. Therefore, we studied management of influenza episode, healthcare resource use and costs associated with influenza infection in people aged over 60 in Shanghai. A prospective, observational study was conducted over the influenza season. Persons aged 60 years and above presenting to a study center with acute onset of influenza-like illness ILI were enrolled and tested by PCR for influenza virus. From January to December , 1, subjects were recruited. Among them 1, patients met the inclusion criteria, An outpatient cost a mean of USD 47 per case. Once hospitalized, the average length of stay was This study described the management of a LCI case in people aged more than 60 years in Shanghai and estimated the economic burden in particular from the public healthcare system perspective, showing expensive consequences among hospitalized patients. World Public Health in Addis Ababa. Colin Binns. This study reports the prevalence of abnormal weight and associated characteristics of low-income Korean children. Prevalence of abnormal weight and odds ratios ORs of health behaviors for abnormal weight groups were calculated. Conclusion Higher prevalence of abnormal weight among low-income Korean children calls for attention to address both childhood obesity and underweight in public health research and practice. Abnormal vaginal discharge AVD caused by a variety of reproductive tract infections is a widespread syndrome among women in India and in other developing countries. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a polyherbal formulation, Praneem, can be used for the regression of the syndrome. A phase IotaIota randomized controlled study was carried out with Praneem polyherbal tablets and Betadine vaginal pessary in 99 women with AVD. Significant reduction was also seen with both treatments in lower abdominal pain, vaginal itching, and dysuria. Thus, the study indicates the efficacy of Praneem for the treatment of AVD and provides a rationale for planning a further Phase III study on a larger sample size for definitive conclusions. To investigate the relationship between elevated serum alanine-transaminase e-ALT and persistent rotating shift work p-RSW among employees with sonographic fatty liver SFL , the authors performed a retrospective analysis on a cohort of electronics manufacturing workers. The records of workers men, women with initially normal ALT and a mean age of A total of workers Jaehee Kim. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the relationships of appendicular muscle mass ASM with insulin resistance IR and metabolic syndrome MS vary by gender or obesity. Data of 10 normal-weight and obese men and women aged 19 to 93 years from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in and were analyzed. After adjusting for lifestyle factors, these ORs were still significant in normal-weight men but not in women. Association between skeletal muscle mass and cardiometabolic abnormalities is dependent on gender and obesity in Korean adults. This study investigated the dental health status, dietary habits, oral hygiene levels, and caretaker risk indicators among Taiwanese children. This cross-sectional purposive sampling study included aboriginal children, 6 to 9 years old, living in remote regions in southern Taiwan. If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. 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The objectives of the study are to describe a the epidemiology of TB during the period with a focus onb progress against World Health Organization WHO targets, and c how TB control can be enhanced in the region. The case notification rate was 52 per population. It is likely that the regional prevalence and mortality targets will be narrowly missed in There has Asian pacific journal of public health good progress in TB control Asian pacific journal of public health the Pacific region, but intensified efforts are needed to further reduce the burden of TB.

Feb Kunal C Oswal. To differentiate between the different types of tobacco users and analyze the association between types of tobacco users and factors like pocket money and peer and parental influence across most of the state in India using the data obtained from Global Youth Tobacco Survey GYTS between and The GYTS data encompassed a representative 2-stage probability sample of students aged 13 to 15 years across 24 states and 2 union territories in India.

These students were interviewed using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire. This study found a strong Asian pacific journal of public health between tobacco use by adolescents and having pocket money and close friends being tobacco users.

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke in Infants: Declining Trends From to ? To define the trend in young children's exposure to parental secondhand smoke.

Latino pornstars Watch Video Sexyest instagram. The case notification rate was 52 per population. It is likely that the regional prevalence and mortality targets will be narrowly missed in There has been good progress in TB control in the Pacific region, but intensified efforts are needed to further reduce the burden of TB. Feb Kunal C Oswal. To differentiate between the different types of tobacco users and analyze the association between types of tobacco users and factors like pocket money and peer and parental influence across most of the state in India using the data obtained from Global Youth Tobacco Survey GYTS between and The GYTS data encompassed a representative 2-stage probability sample of students aged 13 to 15 years across 24 states and 2 union territories in India. These students were interviewed using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire. This study found a strong association between tobacco use by adolescents and having pocket money and close friends being tobacco users. Exposure to Secondhand Smoke in Infants: Declining Trends From to ? To define the trend in young children's exposure to parental secondhand smoke. Secondary analysis of data was done on families of infants between the ages of 6 and 24 months that had been enrolled for 2 cross-sectional studies in and Data from families were analyzed. Overall, In all cases, the source of exposure was the father; in , 4 families reported both parents as being habitual smokers. Ratio of indoor to outdoor smokers was 2. The decline in the percentage of infants exposed to parental smoking is nonsignificant; parental indoor smoking has decreased significantly but remains at unacceptably high levels. Authorities responsible for the health of young children need to revise interventional policies. Road Traffic Accidents in Dubai, Road traffic injuries RTIs are among the leading causes of mortality in Dubai, and the burden of the problem on the health system is vast. This study aims to explore trends in road traffic accidents and to identify the most common factors associated with RTIs. A cross-sectional study was conducted using secondary data for the period from to The age distribution of road traffic injuries per in the population shows 2 peaks in the age groups 18 to 26 years and 63 to 71 years. The trend of road traffic fatalities is increasing among UAE nationals as well as expatriates. RTIs were found to be more frequent on roads with high speed limits and with the presence of trucks. Further research is needed to identify associated risk factors. Changes in and Challenges for Intentional Injury in Vietnam: Linh Le Robert Blum. To describe the current situation of intentional injury among Vietnamese youth as well as risk and protective factors. The data were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate statistical techniques. The proportion who were intentionally injured by others outside their home was 7. Youth who were most likely to hurt others included urban males, those who had ever been drunk, those who had been intentionally injured by others, and those who had weak family connectedness. Having suicidal thoughts both sexes is related to alcohol consumption. The rate of violent behaviors was low, but several risk and protective factors were found and confirmed. Oct Intensifying detection of tuberculosis TB symptomatic patients is a priority for Cambodia's National Tuberculosis Program, in a country where two-thirds of the population has latent TB infection. In , the National Tuberculosis Program initiated a public-private mix PPM collaborative program with external and local stakeholders to identify and refer persons with TB symptoms from private sector pharmacies to public sector clinics for diagnosis and treatment. This qualitative study conducted in-depth interviews with organizational stakeholders to assess their perceptions of PPM program collaboration and its sustainability in the long term. However, stakeholders expressed anxiety over program sustainability should external resources be reduced. Recent developments in pharmacy undergraduate education and recognition of pharmacy providers' contribution to public health interventions may challenge PPM stakeholders to shift the paradigm from dependence on external agencies to confidence in local expertise and infrastructure. The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between involvement in bullying behaviors and school, family, and peer factors. Health Behavior in School Age Children survey questionnaire was used. Being male, poor parental support, and poor monitoring by the father were found to be risk factors for being both bully and victim. Poor academic achievement, having peers at different ages, poor quality of friendship, poor communication with parents, and not being isolated by peers were found to be risk factors for being bully. Not liking school, feeling pressured by school work, poor quality of friendship, poor monitoring by the father, close bonding with mother, and poor status of the peer group were found to be risk factors for being victim. These findings highlight the importance that bullying intervention programs should include country-specific and culture-specific influences for success. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD and to identify associated risk factors among migrant workers 4 years after the snowstorm in China. A cross-sectional survey of respondents was conducted to collect data in Changsha, the capital of Hunan Province. A multistage cluster sampling method was applied in selecting subjects from migrant workers' gathering areas. Association between the independent variables and PTSD was analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of PTSD was Being male, being older than 35 years, being an electrician, having dependent children, suffering property damage, being without medical insurance, and having low social support were risk factors significantly related to the development of PTSD. Effective and sustainable mental health services should be directed particularly to the migrant workers, who are among the groups most vulnerable to the direct impact of snowstorms. Dec The study aimed to assess the determinants of immunization coverage in children born in , living in Zhejiang Province. The World Health Organization's cluster sampling technique was applied. Immunization coverage of 5 vaccines was assessed: BCG vaccine, diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine, poliomyelitis vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine, and measles-containing vaccine. Determinants for age-appropriate immunization coverage rates were explored using logistic regression models. Siblings in household, mother's education level, household registration, socioeconomic level of resident areas, satisfaction with clinical immunization service, and convenient access to local immunization clinic were associated with age-appropriate coverage rates. Age-appropriate immunization coverage rates should be given more attention and should be considered as a benchmark to strive for in the future intervention. Sungroul Kim Junhyoung Kim. The implementation of smoke-free policies for workplaces and their impacts have been far from satisfactory. Young adults who were working in the occupation categories of "service and sales," "skilled agricultural, fishery, and forest workers," and "crafts and machine operation" for men and "service and sales" for women showed 1. Drinking and stress level were positively associated with being current smokers. We provide quantitative evidence supporting clinicians and policy makers wishing to establish smoking-cessation programs in workplaces for young adults in South Korea, and evidence supporting the improvement of prevention by the concomitant reduction of risk factors. Indonesia has been making good progress in reproductive health RH outcome. This study aimed to examine the effect of the September Sumatra earthquake on availability and accessibility of RH services and its possible impact on local Millennium Development Goals MDGs. Twenty-six health facilities in Padang City were reviewed and clients directly interviewed. Water supply shortage was most widespread and slowest to recover, taking more than 1 year to normalize. Antenatal and emergency obstetric care was minimally disrupted, and family planning practice of the study couples was not changed by the earthquake. The previous rate of improvement in maternal and child mortality was slowed down, whereas stillbirths increased after the earthquake. Thus, there is a need to speed up the recovery to achieve the local MDGs. Lose to Win A week weight loss program comprising nutrition education and physical activity sessions, enhanced by a nationwide media campaign, was organized by the Singapore Health Promotion Board. A total of participants, forming 72 teams 1 per workplace , had their anthropometric weight, body mass index [BMI], and body fat percentage and fitness fitness index score based on UKK 2-km walk test measurements taken pre-intervention and post-intervention. Average decreases, from baseline to end of intervention, in weight, BMI, and body fat percentage were 3. The fitness index score increased by Greater participation in physical activity and nutrition education sessions was associated with more beneficial anthropometric and fitness changes. The intervention was well received and effective in producing short-term weight loss. Further research needs to be done to ascertain its long-term effectiveness and generalizability. Results of a Survey. Several studies have provided ample evidence that hypertension in adults has its onset in childhood; children and adolescents with elevated blood pressure BP are more likely to become hypertensive adults. The present study examined the prevalence of relatively high BP among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. Subjects and methods: Data for this study were obtained from a large cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren carried out in A total of 38 students 19 boys and 19 girls aged 7 to 17 years participated in this study. The editor-in-chief welcomes manuscripts on all aspects of public health, as well as global challenges in public health, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, health security, disaster management, and chronic disease. 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There will be no other charges apart from the submission fee. To learn more about Research4Life and determine if you qualify, please visit http: The journal is the only English language journal that publishes original articles on public health related issues, including implications for practical applications to professional education and services for public health and primary health care, that are of concern and relevance to the Asia-Pacific region. The Editor in Chief welcomes manuscripts on all aspects of public health, as well as global challenges in public health, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, health security, disaster management, and chronic disease. Word counts do not include abstracts and references. All abstracts must be unstructured. Original Articles words, max. Original articles must be topically relevant and demonstrate novel findings that aim to educate and increase awareness of public health concerns. Articles should be not more than words, excluding references, tables, and figures and limit illustrations to 3. Additional material can be submitted for online-only publication. Review Articles words, max. Review articles should focus on the critical aspects of a subject, linking what is known to what areas remain controversial. Review articles describe current topics of importance and provide a systematic, balanced account of prior research. Authors should describe the search employed. They should be systematic reviews of the literature and not opinion pieces. Reviews are normally invited by the editor but unsolicited reviews may also be accepted depending on relevance, quality, and the availability of space. Reviews should have words with an unstructured abstract of no more than words and a maximum of references. The use of figures and tables to summarize critical points is encouraged. The Editorial Board has the right to accept or reject any letter. Letters are accepted if they are directly concerned with articles previously published in this Journal. The comments should be objective and constructive. Subtitles should not be used and acknowledgements should be included in the body of the letter. No abstract is required. Commentary words, max. Commentaries should be solicited by the Editor to provide commentary on an upcoming paper to be published, so the 2 papers are published together. The text limit is words with 10 references and may include tables and figures. Commentaries include debate articles and observations on current research trends. Case Reports words, max. The number of Case Reports published will be strictly limited. Case Reports are peer reviewed. The Case Reports should not exceed words with an abstract of words. It should not contain more than 10 references with one table or figure. Short Reports words, max. These are other types of articles that contribute to the scope of APJPH, that is, public health-related issues, including implications for practical applications to professional education and healthcare services that are of concern and relevance to the Asia-Pacific region. They include short communications or works-in-progress; historical articles; teaching articles; health policy and evidence-based practice. Short Reports should contain an unstructured abstract, with 2 tables, 2 figures, and 10 references, following the same structure as an original article. APJPH adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties. Decisions on manuscripts will be taken as rapidly as possible. In general, Editors will seek advice from two or more expert reviewers about the scientific content and presentation of submitted articles. As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include but are not limited to the below:. You will also be asked to nominate peers who you do not wish to review your manuscript opposed reviewers. The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. APJPH is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for APJPH can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Papers should only be submitted for consideration once all contributing authors give consent. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors. The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:. Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support. Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review. Individuals who provided writing assistance, e. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services. The chart shows the evolution of the average number of times documents published in a journal in the past two, three and four years have been cited in the current year. Evolution of the total number of citations and journal's self-citations received by a journal's published documents during the three previous years. Journal Self-citation is defined as the number of citation from a journal citing article to articles published by the same journal. Evolution of the number of total citation per document and external citation per document i. International Collaboration accounts for the articles that have been produced by researchers from several countries. The chart shows the ratio of a journal's documents signed by researchers from more than one country; that is including more than one country address. Not every article in a journal is considered primary research and therefore "citable", this chart shows the ratio of a journal's articles including substantial research research articles, conference papers and reviews in three year windows vs. Ratio of a journal's items, grouped in three years windows, that have been cited at least once vs. The purpose is to have a forum in which general doubts about the processes of publication in the journal, experiences and other issues derived from the publication of papers are resolved. For topics on particular articles, maintain the dialogue through the usual channels with your editor..

Secondary analysis of read article was done on families of infants between the ages of 6 and 24 months that had been enrolled for 2 cross-sectional studies in and Data from families were analyzed. Overall, In all cases, the source of exposure was the father; in4 families reported both parents check this out being habitual smokers.

Ratio of indoor to outdoor smokers was 2. The decline in the percentage of infants exposed to parental smoking is nonsignificant; parental indoor smoking has decreased significantly but remains at unacceptably high levels. Authorities responsible for the health of young children need to revise interventional policies.

Road Traffic Accidents in Dubai, Road traffic injuries RTIs are among the leading causes of mortality in Dubai, and the burden of the problem on the health system is vast. This study aims to explore trends in road traffic accidents and to identify the most common factors associated with RTIs.

A cross-sectional study was conducted Asian pacific journal of public health secondary data for the period from to The age distribution of road traffic injuries per in the population shows 2 peaks in the age groups 18 to 26 years and 63 to 71 years.

The trend of road traffic fatalities is increasing among UAE nationals as well as expatriates. Asian pacific journal of public health were found to be more Asian pacific journal of public health on roads Asian pacific journal of public health high speed limits and with the presence of trucks. Asian pacific journal of public health research is Asian pacific journal of public health to identify associated risk factors.

Changes in and Challenges for Intentional Injury in Vietnam: Linh Le Robert Blum. To describe the current situation of intentional injury among Vietnamese youth as well as risk and protective factors.

The data were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate statistical techniques. The proportion who were intentionally injured by others outside their home was 7. Youth who were most likely to hurt others included urban males, those who had ever been drunk, those who had been intentionally injured by others, and those who had weak family connectedness.

Having suicidal thoughts both sexes is related to alcohol consumption. The rate of violent behaviors was low, but several risk and protective factors were found and confirmed. Oct Intensifying detection of tuberculosis TB symptomatic patients is a priority for Cambodia's National Tuberculosis Program, in a country where two-thirds of the population has latent TB infection.

Inthe National Tuberculosis Program initiated a public-private mix PPM collaborative program with external and local stakeholders to identify and refer persons Asian pacific journal of public health TB symptoms from private sector pharmacies to public sector clinics for diagnosis see more treatment.

This qualitative study conducted in-depth interviews with organizational stakeholders to assess their perceptions of PPM program collaboration and its sustainability in the long term.

However, stakeholders expressed anxiety over program sustainability should external resources be reduced. Recent developments in pharmacy undergraduate education and recognition of pharmacy providers' contribution to public health interventions may challenge PPM stakeholders to shift the paradigm from dependence on external agencies to confidence in local expertise and infrastructure. The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between involvement in bullying behaviors and school, family, and peer factors.

Health Behavior in School Age Children survey questionnaire was used. Being male, poor parental support, and poor monitoring by the father were found to be risk factors for being both bully and victim.

Poor academic achievement, having peers at different ages, poor quality of friendship, poor communication with parents, and not being isolated by peers were found to be risk factors for being bully.

Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health

Not liking school, feeling pressured by school work, poor quality of friendship, poor monitoring by the father, close bonding with mother, and poor status of the peer group were found to be risk factors for being victim. The preferred format for your manuscript is Asian pacific journal of public health. Arrange the manuscript in this order: Please also submit figures as separate figure files tif, jpeg, eps, gif with dpi resolution or better. Number all pages in above sequence, beginning with title page as 1, abstract as 2, etc.

The abstract must be unstructured, and the word limit is determined by the relevant article type. At the end of the abstract, please include an alphabetical list of 5 to 8 keywords and subjects for indexing. Choose the keywords carefully as these will be used for subsequent retrieval. Papers must follow this order: Systeme Internationale SI Units should be used.

Use only standard abbreviations. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.

See section 4. All tables and figures should be placed at the end of the manuscript after the references and numbered accordingly. Provide footnotes for explanatory matter and identify in alphabetical order Asian pacific journal of public health abbreviations used. Remember to place callouts for the tables and figures in the text. Abbreviations, symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters used in the figures must be identified Asian pacific journal of public health https://soles.capitalcityfoundation.london/video2038-fepihagan.php in the corresponding legends.

Submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce any previously published figures.

Figures supplied in color will appear in Asian pacific journal of public health online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. This journal is able to host additional materials online e. View the guide here to ensure your manuscript conforms to this style. Number the references in order of mention in text.

Please ensure that you limit your references to the amount specified by the article type. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript. For example, for the first reference in the text, use a superscripted number 1, such as Skinner 1or use only the superscripted number after the phrase or sentence of citation.

However, in the references, list up to 6 authors. References should appear at the end of the text numbered in order of appearance in the manuscript.

Unpublished data and personal communications should be given as references. Follow the examples of forms of references as shown below. Ricketts TA. The impact of head and body angle on monaural and binaural performance with directional and omnidirectional hearing aids.

Ear Here. Aural rehabilitation for individuals with severe and profound hearing impairment hearing aids, cochlear implants, counseling, and training. Valente M, ed. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers; Valente M. Visit https: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one.

If you have reviewed or authored for Asian pacific journal of public health journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account Asian pacific journal of public health.

Faite Porn Watch Video Glasses Fuck. The plague epidemic in Hawaii, USA. Jerrold M Michael. Mar Colin Binns Wah Yun Low. In Memoriam: Professor Dr. Apr Wah Yun Low Colin Binns. Contraceptive Practice in China: May Cuntong Wang. Using large-scale data from the national conventional statistics and nationally representative sample surveys, the current study aims to assess the level, mode, and determinants of modern contraceptive use from to among married couples aged 20 to 49 years in China. A relatively stable Chinese mode of contraception has been established and maintained since the s, characterized by prominent, long-acting contraceptive use and the highest overall prevalence in the world during the past 3 decades. In recent years, the composition of contraceptive use has changed, characterized by the increasing use of the intrauterine device and short-acting methods and a drastic decrease in male and female sterilization. However, the dominance of the long-acting methods has not undergone substantial change. The results from a multinomial logit model employed in this study indicate that family planning policy and socioeconomic and demographic factors jointly influence contraceptive choice. In particular, contraceptive choice is closely associated with the strength of family planning policy in China. Jun Daniel Schwekendiek. In the s, North Korea experienced one of the severest famines in modern history. Considering the level of food deprivation during famines in totalitarian states, substantial debate exists over how differently the crisis affected households and regions. Here, the authors investigate regional differences in socioeconomic living conditions by comparing height-for-age z scores HAZs of preschool children living in 11 administrative provinces. Through regression of pooled HAZs on a set of province dummies, the authors find that children born in Pyongyang are more healthy, providing evidence that elites residing in the capital seemingly possess comparative advantages in food supply. When controlling for further variables, they find that boys and older children suffered more during the crisis, although cohorts born before the onset of the famine were significantly better-off. Aug Retinopathy of prematurity ROP is one of the most important causes of childhood blindness worldwide. The trend of ROP in Malaysia was unclear because there was no national registry before The purpose of this study is to analyze ROP students of different ages in the schools for the blind in Malaysia in order to evaluate the trend of ROP from to Data were obtained from a previous survey of 24 blind schools. It was found that 78 students or There was a significant surge in the number of ROP students who were born in when the use of synthetic surfactants was first introduced in Malaysia; otherwise there was no increasing trend in the number of students with ROP. However, the percentage of ROP in total was increasing, which indicates that ROP is becoming a more important cause of childhood blindness in this country. Utilization of Antenatal Care Services in Bangladesh: Abu Hossain. Maternal mortality in Bangladesh was per , live births between the years of and Utilization of maternal health services remains low in the low-resource countries like Bangladesh. This study attempts to evaluate the levels, patterns, and trends of utilization of antenatal care ANC services in Bangladesh. This is a descriptive study based on national surveys of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey BDHS , , , , and Bangladeshi women reported low utilization of ANC. The median number of ANC visits was 3. Many studies have demonstrated a strong relationship between alcohol availability and traffic crashes involving alcohol-impaired drivers. The present analysis focuses on the evaluation of the impact of alcohol availability on the Japanese population by comparing fatal and nonfatal motor vehicle crash rates before and after implementation of the alcohol deregulation policy in Participants and method. Poisson regression with robust standard error was used to model the before-to-after change in incidence rate ratios IRRs in the population. To control for potential confounders, per capita alcohol consumption, unemployment rate, and vehicle miles travelled VMT were also added to the model. The exponents of the fitted coefficients are equivalent to the IRRs. Implementation of the policy deregulating alcohol sales and production did not appear to increase traffic fatalities and other traffic crashes in Japan. Contrary to previous research, the findings of this study demonstrated lower rates of fatalities and higher compliance with alcohol-related driving legislation. Further well-designed, nonaligned studies on alcohol availability and traffic fatalities in other countries are urgently needed. However, no studies on this trend have been reported in Shandong Province, China. The present study assessed the decennial change in BMI and SFT in Shandong Province during the past 10 years and the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents. The BMI and SFT of adolescents aged 7 to 18 years was calculated using data from 2 national surveys on students' constitution and health carried out by the government in and in Shandong Province, China. The distribution of BMI and SFT was reported, and the prevalence of overweight and obesity were obtained according to the screening criteria of overweight and obesity for Chinese students using BMI. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased rapidly: The average value of BMI and SFT has increased over time; overweight and obesity among adolescents has become a serious public health problem. Comprehensive evidence-based strategies of intervention should be introduced, including periodic monitoring. Rajesh Kumar Rai. The Phi and Cramer's V tests and predicted probabilities were used to fulfill the study objective. Interventions to promote physical activities and nutritional awareness programs, which are effective in addressing nutritional problems, have been proposed. A Meta-analysis. Published data regarding the association between alcohol dehydrogenase ADH 1C genotypes and breast cancer risk show conflicting results. This meta-analysis suggested that the ADH1C 1 allele might modestly influence the effect of alcohol on breast cancer but is not an independent risk factor for breast cancer. However, more restricted prospective studies are needed. The objectives of this study were to investigate the pattern of unintentional drowning deaths and to identify the factors associated with drowning deaths in Thailand from to During the period from to , 41 deaths were reported and deaths were excluded from this study because of unknown place of death. The overall drowning death rate per population was 6. The highest death rate was in males aged 0 to 4 years and in year Males in all age-groups except in those aged years and females aged 0 to 4 years had higher drowning death rates than the average rate. Death rates in some public health areas in the central, the northeast, and the northern regions and in year and were higher than the average rate. This is a descriptive study of routinely collected tuberculosis TB surveillance data from 19 Pacific Island countries and territories. The objectives of the study are to describe a the epidemiology of TB during the period with a focus on , b progress against World Health Organization WHO targets, and c how TB control can be enhanced in the region. The case notification rate was 52 per population. It is likely that the regional prevalence and mortality targets will be narrowly missed in There has been good progress in TB control in the Pacific region, but intensified efforts are needed to further reduce the burden of TB. Feb Kunal C Oswal. To differentiate between the different types of tobacco users and analyze the association between types of tobacco users and factors like pocket money and peer and parental influence across most of the state in India using the data obtained from Global Youth Tobacco Survey GYTS between and The GYTS data encompassed a representative 2-stage probability sample of students aged 13 to 15 years across 24 states and 2 union territories in India. These students were interviewed using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire. This study found a strong association between tobacco use by adolescents and having pocket money and close friends being tobacco users. Exposure to Secondhand Smoke in Infants: Declining Trends From to ? To define the trend in young children's exposure to parental secondhand smoke. Secondary analysis of data was done on families of infants between the ages of 6 and 24 months that had been enrolled for 2 cross-sectional studies in and Data from families were analyzed. Overall, In all cases, the source of exposure was the father; in , 4 families reported both parents as being habitual smokers. Ratio of indoor to outdoor smokers was 2. Authors should also follow data citation principles. SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. Arrange the manuscript in this order: Please also submit figures as separate figure files tif, jpeg, eps, gif with dpi resolution or better. Number all pages in above sequence, beginning with title page as 1, abstract as 2, etc. The abstract must be unstructured, and the word limit is determined by the relevant article type. At the end of the abstract, please include an alphabetical list of 5 to 8 keywords and subjects for indexing. Choose the keywords carefully as these will be used for subsequent retrieval. Papers must follow this order: Systeme Internationale SI Units should be used. Use only standard abbreviations. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. See section 4. All tables and figures should be placed at the end of the manuscript after the references and numbered accordingly. Provide footnotes for explanatory matter and identify in alphabetical order all abbreviations used. Remember to place callouts for the tables and figures in the text. Abbreviations, symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters used in the figures must be identified and explained in the corresponding legends. Submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce any previously published figures. Figures supplied in color will appear in color online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. This journal is able to host additional materials online e. View the guide here to ensure your manuscript conforms to this style. Number the references in order of mention in text. Please ensure that you limit your references to the amount specified by the article type. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript. For example, for the first reference in the text, use a superscripted number 1, such as Skinner 1 , or use only the superscripted number after the phrase or sentence of citation. However, in the references, list up to 6 authors. References should appear at the end of the text numbered in order of appearance in the manuscript. Unpublished data and personal communications should be given as references. Follow the examples of forms of references as shown below. Ricketts TA. The impact of head and body angle on monaural and binaural performance with directional and omnidirectional hearing aids. Ear Hear. Aural rehabilitation for individuals with severe and profound hearing impairment hearing aids, cochlear implants, counseling, and training. Valente M, ed. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers; Valente M. Visit https: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized. We encourage all authors and co-authors to link their ORCIDs to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplemental files including reporting guidelines where relevant. Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal SAGE Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorizing the change. OnlineFirst allows final articles completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred. Skip to main content. Editor in Chief. Zain Monash University, Malaysia. Not every article in a journal is considered primary research and therefore "citable", this chart shows the ratio of a journal's articles including substantial research research articles, conference papers and reviews in three year windows vs. Ratio of a journal's items, grouped in three years windows, that have been cited at least once vs. The purpose is to have a forum in which general doubts about the processes of publication in the journal, experiences and other issues derived from the publication of papers are resolved. For topics on particular articles, maintain the dialogue through the usual channels with your editor. Data Source: Scimago Institutions Rankings. Year SJR 0. Citations per document. Cites Year Value External Cites per document 0. Year International Collaboration .

For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

We encourage all authors and co-authors to link their ORCIDs to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted.

If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and https://mediumtits.capitalcityfoundation.london/count9379-wiweleqys.php any additional supplemental files including reporting guidelines where relevant.

Please also ensure that Asian pacific journal of public health have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal SAGE Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly.

Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorizing the change. OnlineFirst allows final articles completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal see more, which Asian pacific journal of public health reduces the lead time between submission and publication.

Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips Asian pacific journal of public health advice.

In addition, SAGE Asian pacific journal of public health partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal.

Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the Asian pacific journal of public health they believe Asian pacific journal of public health. Skip to main content. Editor in Chief.

Zain Monash Asian pacific journal of public health, Malaysia. What do we publish? Letter to Editor words The Editorial Board has the right to accept or reject any letter. Editorial policies 2. Examples of conflicts of interest include but are not limited to the below: The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted You will also be asked to nominate peers who you do not wish to review your manuscript opposed reviewers.

This is all those who: Publishing Policies 3. Preparing Asian pacific journal of public health manuscript for submission 4. Manuscript Title. Author names and affiliations. It is based on the idea that 'all citations are not created equal'. SJR is a measure of scientific influence of journals that accounts for both the number of citations received by a journal and the importance or prestige of the journals where such citations come from It measures the scientific influence of the average article in a journal, Asian pacific journal of public health expresses how central to the global scientific discussion an average article of the journal is.

This indicator counts the number of citations received by documents from a journal and divides them by the total number of documents published in that journal. The chart shows the evolution of the average number of times documents published in a journal in the past two, three and four years have been cited in the current year.

Evolution of the total number of citations and journal's self-citations received by a journal's published documents during the three previous years. Journal Self-citation is defined as the number of citation from a journal citing article to articles published by the same journal.

Evolution of the number of total citation Asian pacific journal of public health document and external citation per document i. International Collaboration accounts for the articles that have been produced by researchers from several countries. The chart shows the ratio of a journal's documents signed by researchers from more than one country; that is including more than one country address. Not every article in a journal is considered primary research and therefore "citable", this chart shows the ratio of a journal's articles including substantial research research articles, conference papers and reviews in three year windows vs.

Aaliyah love fucks her biggest fan. APJPH publishes Asian pacific journal of public health articles on public health related issues, including implications for practical applications to professional education and services for public health and primary health care that are of concern and relevance to the Asia-Pacific region. The editor-in-chief welcomes manuscripts on all aspects of public health, as well as global challenges in public health, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, health security, disaster management, and chronic click. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed.

For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive. RG Journal impact over time Graph showing a linear path with a yearly representation of impact points of the journal.

Sexually Curious Watch Video bigcock videos. The trend of road traffic fatalities is increasing among UAE nationals as well as expatriates. RTIs were found to be more frequent on roads with high speed limits and with the presence of trucks. Further research is needed to identify associated risk factors. Changes in and Challenges for Intentional Injury in Vietnam: Linh Le Robert Blum. To describe the current situation of intentional injury among Vietnamese youth as well as risk and protective factors. The data were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate statistical techniques. The proportion who were intentionally injured by others outside their home was 7. Youth who were most likely to hurt others included urban males, those who had ever been drunk, those who had been intentionally injured by others, and those who had weak family connectedness. Having suicidal thoughts both sexes is related to alcohol consumption. The rate of violent behaviors was low, but several risk and protective factors were found and confirmed. Oct Intensifying detection of tuberculosis TB symptomatic patients is a priority for Cambodia's National Tuberculosis Program, in a country where two-thirds of the population has latent TB infection. In , the National Tuberculosis Program initiated a public-private mix PPM collaborative program with external and local stakeholders to identify and refer persons with TB symptoms from private sector pharmacies to public sector clinics for diagnosis and treatment. This qualitative study conducted in-depth interviews with organizational stakeholders to assess their perceptions of PPM program collaboration and its sustainability in the long term. However, stakeholders expressed anxiety over program sustainability should external resources be reduced. Recent developments in pharmacy undergraduate education and recognition of pharmacy providers' contribution to public health interventions may challenge PPM stakeholders to shift the paradigm from dependence on external agencies to confidence in local expertise and infrastructure. The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between involvement in bullying behaviors and school, family, and peer factors. Health Behavior in School Age Children survey questionnaire was used. Being male, poor parental support, and poor monitoring by the father were found to be risk factors for being both bully and victim. Poor academic achievement, having peers at different ages, poor quality of friendship, poor communication with parents, and not being isolated by peers were found to be risk factors for being bully. Not liking school, feeling pressured by school work, poor quality of friendship, poor monitoring by the father, close bonding with mother, and poor status of the peer group were found to be risk factors for being victim. These findings highlight the importance that bullying intervention programs should include country-specific and culture-specific influences for success. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD and to identify associated risk factors among migrant workers 4 years after the snowstorm in China. A cross-sectional survey of respondents was conducted to collect data in Changsha, the capital of Hunan Province. A multistage cluster sampling method was applied in selecting subjects from migrant workers' gathering areas. Association between the independent variables and PTSD was analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of PTSD was Being male, being older than 35 years, being an electrician, having dependent children, suffering property damage, being without medical insurance, and having low social support were risk factors significantly related to the development of PTSD. Effective and sustainable mental health services should be directed particularly to the migrant workers, who are among the groups most vulnerable to the direct impact of snowstorms. Dec The study aimed to assess the determinants of immunization coverage in children born in , living in Zhejiang Province. The World Health Organization's cluster sampling technique was applied. Immunization coverage of 5 vaccines was assessed: BCG vaccine, diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine, poliomyelitis vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine, and measles-containing vaccine. Determinants for age-appropriate immunization coverage rates were explored using logistic regression models. Siblings in household, mother's education level, household registration, socioeconomic level of resident areas, satisfaction with clinical immunization service, and convenient access to local immunization clinic were associated with age-appropriate coverage rates. Age-appropriate immunization coverage rates should be given more attention and should be considered as a benchmark to strive for in the future intervention. Sungroul Kim Junhyoung Kim. The implementation of smoke-free policies for workplaces and their impacts have been far from satisfactory. Young adults who were working in the occupation categories of "service and sales," "skilled agricultural, fishery, and forest workers," and "crafts and machine operation" for men and "service and sales" for women showed 1. Drinking and stress level were positively associated with being current smokers. We provide quantitative evidence supporting clinicians and policy makers wishing to establish smoking-cessation programs in workplaces for young adults in South Korea, and evidence supporting the improvement of prevention by the concomitant reduction of risk factors. Indonesia has been making good progress in reproductive health RH outcome. This study aimed to examine the effect of the September Sumatra earthquake on availability and accessibility of RH services and its possible impact on local Millennium Development Goals MDGs. Twenty-six health facilities in Padang City were reviewed and clients directly interviewed. Water supply shortage was most widespread and slowest to recover, taking more than 1 year to normalize. Antenatal and emergency obstetric care was minimally disrupted, and family planning practice of the study couples was not changed by the earthquake. The previous rate of improvement in maternal and child mortality was slowed down, whereas stillbirths increased after the earthquake. Thus, there is a need to speed up the recovery to achieve the local MDGs. Lose to Win A week weight loss program comprising nutrition education and physical activity sessions, enhanced by a nationwide media campaign, was organized by the Singapore Health Promotion Board. A total of participants, forming 72 teams 1 per workplace , had their anthropometric weight, body mass index [BMI], and body fat percentage and fitness fitness index score based on UKK 2-km walk test measurements taken pre-intervention and post-intervention. Average decreases, from baseline to end of intervention, in weight, BMI, and body fat percentage were 3. The fitness index score increased by Greater participation in physical activity and nutrition education sessions was associated with more beneficial anthropometric and fitness changes. The intervention was well received and effective in producing short-term weight loss. Further research needs to be done to ascertain its long-term effectiveness and generalizability. Results of a Survey. Several studies have provided ample evidence that hypertension in adults has its onset in childhood; children and adolescents with elevated blood pressure BP are more likely to become hypertensive adults. The present study examined the prevalence of relatively high BP among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. Subjects and methods: Data for this study were obtained from a large cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren carried out in A total of 38 students 19 boys and 19 girls aged 7 to 17 years participated in this study. Shandong children had a high BP level, with the 50th percentiles of systolic and diastolic blood pressure of children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years in Shandong being above the reference values for Chinese children and adolescents by 3 to 12 mm Hg and 3 to 7 mm Hg for boys, and by 3 to 6 mm Hg and 3 to 5 mmHg for girls, respectively. The overall prevalence of relatively high BP was There is a high prevalence of relatively high BP among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. It has become a threatening hazard to children and adolescents and should arouse special attention. This study aimed to examine the association of educational level with metabolic syndrome MS and its risk factors by gender in South Korea. A total of participants aged 20 years or older from The Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. A generalized linear model and adjusted proportion were used to identify educational disparities in MS, its components, and its risk factors smoking, high-risk alcohol consumption, obesity, and stress. In women, a clearly inverse association between education level and MS were observed with significant trend, and the decreasing trends of all risk factors across education quartiles were in line with the inverse association. However, the association between education level and MS was not observed with a significant trend among men. An opposite trend of risk factors across education levels was shown in men, with an increasing trend for obesity and decreasing trends for smoking and high-risk alcohol consumption. These findings demonstrate that obesity can explain gender differences in the association between education level and MS in South Korea. Sep Wah Yun Low. The association between each explanatory variable and the severity of HFMD was investigated using a logistic regression model after adjusting for confounders. Individual characteristics that are generally shared by children in households of low socioeconomic status tended to increase the risk of severe HFMD. The Spanish SF in Peru: This study assessed the psychometric properties of the SF questionnaire in a sample of Peruvian people aged 15 to 64 years. The 8 scales discriminated well between sexes, age, and socioeconomic groups. CFA showed that a model with 8 first-order factors and 2 second-order factors namely, physical and mental health was a feasible representation of the SF factor structure and had better fit to data than alternative factor structures. The SF showed appropriate psychometric properties regarding internal consistency, construct validity, and factor structure when tested in Peru. Future studies should focus on testing other psychometric properties of the SF, such as convergent and discriminant validity, test-retest reliability, and sensitivity to change. Influenza is a common, vaccine preventable, viral respiratory infection with potentially serious consequences in persons aged 60 years and above. In China, influenza vaccination is recommended but not reimbursed for people. Therefore, we studied management of influenza episode, healthcare resource use and costs associated with influenza infection in people aged over 60 in Shanghai. Choose the keywords carefully as these will be used for subsequent retrieval. Papers must follow this order: Systeme Internationale SI Units should be used. Use only standard abbreviations. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. See section 4. 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Publications in Asian pacific journal of public health journal. Nov The effect of individual educational attainment on health has been extensively documented in western countries, whereas empirical evidence of education spillover effects in marital dyads is link and inconsistent.

A total of individuals or marital dyads were surveyed in the Shanghai Healthy City Project Logistic regression models were used for Asian pacific journal of public health, and all analyses were stratified by gender. Significant protective associations were observed in univariate models linking general health status to the individual's own educational attainment and to their partner's educational level.

After controlling for presence of chronic conditions, lifestyle factors, and social support, these associations were attenuated. The authors found a gender difference in the association of spouse's educational attainment with self-rated health.

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The influence of education on health may be partly mediated by lifestyle and other factors. Prefecture-Level Analysis in Japan. Jul Rie Sakai. To investigate the association between childhood obesity and neighborhood-level socioeconomic and environmental factors in Japan. The prevalence of Asian pacific journal of public health obesity in was obtained from annual reports of the School Health Survey. The following 12 factors were publicly available: The ratio of people completing up to college or university education was inversely associated with obesity in boys and girls.

No association was found between obesity and the other factors examined. An inverse association was shown between educational level and childhood obesity in both boys and girls. Further studies integrating associations between childhood obesity and neighborhood-level factors are needed. Jan Season is one of the factors affecting Asian pacific journal of public health pressure.

The objectives of this study Asian pacific journal of public health to quantify the magnitude of seasonal changes in blood pressure among normotensive women aged 18 to 40 years and to find out the association of blood pressure variation between winter and summer with body mass index, temperature, humidity, day length, and salt intake. The study was carried out on women, included 4 home visits during the seasons of spring, summer, autumn, and winter.

No significant relationship in blood pressure variation with change in environmental variables was observed. This seasonal factor should be considered while evaluating individual blood pressure and comparing community studies.

The plague epidemic in Hawaii, USA. Jerrold M Michael. Mar Colin Binns Wah Yun Low. In Memoriam: Professor Dr. Apr Wah Yun Low Colin Binns. Contraceptive Practice in China: May Cuntong Wang. Using large-scale data from the national conventional statistics and nationally representative sample surveys, the current study aims to assess the level, mode, and determinants of modern contraceptive use from to among married couples aged 20 to 49 years in China.

A relatively stable Chinese mode of contraception Asian pacific journal of public health been established and maintained since the s, characterized by prominent, long-acting contraceptive use and the highest overall prevalence in the world during the past 3 decades. In recent years, the composition of contraceptive use has changed, characterized by the increasing use of the intrauterine device and short-acting methods and a drastic decrease in male and female sterilization.

However, the dominance of the long-acting methods has not undergone substantial change. The results from a multinomial logit model employed in this study indicate that family planning policy and socioeconomic and demographic factors jointly influence contraceptive choice. In particular, contraceptive choice is closely associated with the strength of family planning policy in China.

Jun Daniel Schwekendiek. In the s, North Korea experienced one of the severest famines in modern history. Considering the level of food deprivation during famines Asian pacific journal of public health totalitarian states, substantial debate exists over how differently the crisis affected households and regions. Here, the authors investigate regional differences in socioeconomic living conditions by Asian pacific journal of public health height-for-age z scores HAZs of preschool children living in 11 administrative provinces.

Through regression of pooled HAZs on a set of province dummies, the authors find that children born in Pyongyang are more healthy, providing evidence that elites residing in the capital seemingly possess comparative advantages in food supply. When controlling for further variables, they find that boys and older children suffered more during the crisis, although cohorts born click the onset of the famine were significantly better-off.

Aug Retinopathy of prematurity ROP is one of the most important causes of childhood blindness worldwide. The trend of ROP in Malaysia was unclear because there was no national registry before The purpose of this study is to analyze ROP students of different ages in the schools for the blind in Malaysia in order to evaluate the trend of ROP from to Data were obtained from a previous survey of 24 blind schools.

It was found that 78 students or There was a significant surge in the number of ROP students who were born in when the use of synthetic surfactants was first introduced in Malaysia; otherwise there was no increasing trend in the number of students with ROP. However, the percentage of ROP in total was increasing, which indicates that ROP is becoming a more important cause of childhood blindness in this country.

Utilization of Antenatal Care Services in Asian pacific journal of public health Abu Hossain. Maternal mortality in Bangladesh was perlive births between the years of and Utilization of maternal health services remains low in the low-resource countries like Bangladesh. This study attempts to evaluate the levels, patterns, and trends of utilization of antenatal care ANC services in Bangladesh.

This is a descriptive study based on national surveys of Asian pacific journal of public health Demographic and Health Survey BDHS, and Bangladeshi women reported low utilization of ANC.

The median number of ANC visits was 3. Many studies click here Asian pacific journal of public health a strong relationship between alcohol availability and traffic crashes involving alcohol-impaired drivers.

The present analysis focuses on the evaluation of the impact of alcohol availability on the Japanese population by comparing fatal and nonfatal motor vehicle crash rates before and after implementation of the alcohol deregulation policy in Participants and method.

Asian pacific journal of public health

Poisson regression with robust standard error was used to model the before-to-after change in incidence rate ratios IRRs in the population. To control for potential confounders, per capita alcohol consumption, unemployment rate, and vehicle miles travelled VMT were also added to the model. Learn more here exponents of the fitted coefficients are equivalent to the IRRs.

Implementation of the policy deregulating alcohol sales and production did not appear to increase traffic fatalities and other traffic crashes in Japan. Contrary to previous research, the findings of this study demonstrated lower rates of fatalities and higher compliance with alcohol-related driving legislation.

Further well-designed, nonaligned studies on alcohol availability and traffic Asian pacific journal of public health in other countries are urgently needed. However, no studies on this trend have been reported in Shandong Province, China. The present study assessed the decennial change in BMI and SFT in Shandong Province during the past 10 years and the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents.

The BMI and SFT of adolescents aged 7 to 18 years was calculated using data from 2 national surveys on students' constitution and health carried out by the government in and in Shandong Province, China. The distribution of BMI and SFT was reported, and the prevalence of overweight and obesity were obtained according to the screening criteria of overweight and obesity for Chinese students using BMI.

Asian pacific journal of public health prevalence of overweight and obesity increased rapidly: The average value of BMI and SFT has increased over time; overweight and obesity among adolescents has become a serious public health problem. Comprehensive evidence-based strategies of intervention should Asian pacific journal of public health introduced, including periodic monitoring. Rajesh Kumar Rai. The Phi and Cramer's V tests and predicted article source were used to fulfill the study objective.

Interventions to promote physical activities and nutritional awareness programs, which are effective in addressing nutritional problems, have been proposed. A Meta-analysis. Published data regarding the association between alcohol dehydrogenase ADH 1C genotypes and breast cancer risk Asian pacific journal of public health conflicting results.

This meta-analysis suggested that the ADH1C 1 allele might modestly influence the effect of alcohol on breast cancer but is not an independent risk factor for breast cancer.

However, more restricted prospective studies are needed. The objectives of this study were to investigate the pattern of unintentional drowning deaths and to identify the factors associated with drowning deaths in Thailand from to During the period from to41 deaths were reported and deaths were excluded from this study because of unknown place of death. The overall drowning death rate per population was 6. The highest death rate was in males aged 0 to 4 years and in year Hot pantie sex video.

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